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Macarroni Penguins are found on the edges of Antarctica and on the sub-Antarctic islands of southern America and Africa.
There is no sexual dimorphism and their main characteristic is their yellow crest of feathers.
Macarroni Penguins live on clifftops in groups of up to 2.5 million individual birds. They make their nests by scraping out mud or gravel. Clutches consist of 2 eggs, of which the first one rarely develops. Incubation is shared by both parents and hatching occurs after 33-37 days. After hatching, the male takes care of the chick for 23-25 days while the female brings food daily.
The main threats faced by this species are overfishing of krill, pollution and global warming.