Scarlet Ibis

Theme area:  Los Trópicos
Scientific name:  Eudocimus ruber
Class:  Birds
Continent:  South America
Habitat:  Rivers, marshes, swamps and lakes
Diet:  Omnivore
Weight:  772 - 935 gr
Size:  56 - 75 cm
altphoto altphoto altphoto altphoto

It is found in northern South America, from Venezuela to eastern Brazil.

The bird's characteristic bright red plumage intensifies as it grows, while young birds begin a dark greyish-brown colour with a belly that is initially dark brown, then white. Its colour comes from pigments in the crustaceans it feeds on.

It is a very social species that lives in flocks of thirty or more individuals.

Breeding pairs build their nests, consisting of simple platforms made of sticks, close to other pairs in the same tree, probably to reduce the risks from predators. Clutches consist of 3-5 eggs and incubation lasts between 19 and 23 days. Both adult birds share responsibility for caring for the young.

There are many threats that impact the Scarlet Ibis' status, including overhunting, egg collection and sale of young as pets in open markets, loss of habitat, destruction of nesting ground and loss of foraging and feeding grounds along with heavy pollution in these areas.

Conservation Status
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


This species forages with many other types of wading birds, thus having a better chance of hiding from predators amongst all the other birds.
Discover our animal interactions!
Discover our animal interactions!

Discover our animal interactions!

Online tickets from