Native to the Antarctic, Argentina, Chile, the Falklands and various islands in the area. They have even be seen as far as Brazil and New Zealand.
A population of some 9 million pairs has been estimated, with the largest population in the Crozet Archipelago. They nest in areas with great inclines and have to climb hundreds of metres to make their nests. The nesting areas can be clearly seen as they have no vegetation due to the erosion caused by the penguins. Although they lay two eggs, the first tends to be infertile and only the second tends to hatch, so just one chick emerges from each breeding cycle.