Golden Poison Dart Frog

Theme area:  Amazonía
Scientific name:  Phyllobates terribilis
Class:  Amphibians
Continent:  South America
Habitat:  Tropical forest
Diet:  Insectivorous
Weight:   /
Size:  47 - 55 mm
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The Golden Poison Dart Frog is found in the Amazon rainforest along the Pacific coast of Colombia.

Its brightly coloured body warns predators of its extreme toxicity. Its skin is saturated with an alkaloid poison containing batrachotoxins, these toxins prevent nerves from transmitting nerve impulses and ultimately cause muscle paralysis. They produce their venom by consuming wild prey that are the source of the toxin.

Colombian tribes use the venom extracted from the frogs' skin to poison their blowgun darts.

The Golden Frog is diurnal and strictly terrestrial. The adult female is usually larger than the male.

Both males and females have multiple mates. Eggs are laid in small clutches of less than 20, carried on the backs of males to small pools of water, where they hatch after 11-12 days and develop and metamorphose into frogs.

Numbers of Golden Poison Dart Frogs have been declining due to deforestation for agricultural purposes.

Conservation Status
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


It only takes 0.00001 grams of venom from a poison dart frog to kill an adult human being. The toxin found in a single specimen can kill up to 10 people and, although not all species of this type of animal have the same venom, the effects are similar.
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