The Muntjac originally come from forests and woods in South Asia. Known also in English as "barking deer" due to their dog-like calls when they are faced with danger and sense the presence of a predator. They are more prone to do this when there is low visibility because of dense vegetation. Their predators can be leopards, tigers, chacals, crocodiles, and pythons.
Their upper canines are very developed and similar to downward-pointing teeth (tusks). The male deer of this species has small antlers whilst the female only has bony lumps covered in fur. Their fur is a soft copper-brown contrasting with the creamy white underside of the neck and chin with darker brown legs and forehead extending to the nose.
Primarily a twilight species and largely herbivorous, its diet consists of grass, bark, berries, nuts, and eggs being able to hunt small mammals and birds using their canines and limbs to hit their prey.
Both the male and female species are solitary and territorial, overlapping only during the short period when in season. Females become sufficiently mature to reproduce during different intervals over the year after their first year of life. Fawns become independent after six months. A young male can be in the territory of another adult only when they are not sexually mature.